Put the following words into the correct columns

In document PRONUNCIATION Task 1: Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest (Page 113-116)

PART I: STUDENTS’ PREPARATION A. Reading

Task 1: Put the following words into the correct columns

speaks photographs bags takes boxes

bats stops laughs speeds kisses

dates watches cloths hills works

/s/ /iz/ /z/

speaks

………

………

………

………

boxes

………

………

………

………

bags

………

………

………

………

EXERCISES

I. Circle the word that has a different sound in bold.

1. conquest cosmonaut certainty congratulate 2. challenge lauched achievement psychological

3. earth with birth death

4. space tragic astronaut gravity

5. feat speed leap death

6. flight precise orbit desire

7. shuttle success support century

8. off of if fly

9. tragic challenge congress engineer

10. cosmonaut possible honour hero

II. Fill in each blank with one appropriate word.

Neil Armstrong is an American (1) ______. He is known as the first man to walk on the (2) _____. Armstrong was born (3) ______ August 5th, 1930 in Wapokoneta in Ohio. From 1949 to 1952, he (4) ______ as a pilot in the United States Navy. In 1962, he joined the NASA astronaut (5) ______. On July 20th 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first human to step on the moon‟s (6) ______. Armstrong received his M.S from the University of Southern California in 1970. He resigned (7) ______ NASA a year later and from 1971 to 1979, he taught at the University of Cincinnati. In 1986, Armstrong was (8) ______ vice chairman of the committee that investigated the space (9) _____ Challenger disaster. Armstrong is also well-known for (10) ______ he said as he stepped onto the surface of the moon: “That‟s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.”

III. Choose the correct verb form.

1. Our recent _____ in medicine is the development of laser in treating cancer.

a. achievements b. achievement c. achievers d. achieved 2. Before Gagarin‟s _____ flight, there were still enormous uncertainties.

a. historical b. historic c. history d. historian 3. Although his flight lasted only 108 minutes, its _____ made him a national hero.

a. succeed b. successful c. successive d. success

4. Although we didn‟t win, we were able to take some _____ from our performance.

a. satisfying b. satisfactions c. satisfaction d. satisfactory 5. _____ 60,000 people filled the stadium.

a. Approximately b. Approximate c. Approximant d. Approximation 6. Laughter can be a great release of _____.

a. tense b. tension c. tenseness d. tensing 7. May I offer my heartest ______ on your promotion?

a. congratulating b. congratulation c. congratulations d. congratulate

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8. The appropriate attitude makes it ______ to socialize among strangers.

a. possible b. possibility c. impossible d. possibly

9. ______, many houses are going to be demolished to make ways for a new supermarket.

a. Fortunate b. Unfortunate c. Fortunately d. Unfortunately 10. Astronauts work in ______ conditions.

a. weight b. weighting c. weightless d. weightlessness COULD / BE ABLE TO

1. COULD: là dạng quá khứ của can, dùng diễn tả:

- khả năng (phổ quát, chung chung) trong quá khứ Ex: When I was six, I could drive a bike.

- lời yêu cầu lich sự

Ex: Could you show me the way to the post office?

- điều gì đó có thể xảy ra ở hiện tại hoặc tương lai nhưng không chắc chắn Ex: It could rain this afternoon. (Có thể chiều nay trời sẽ mưa.)

2. BE ABLE TO: có hình thức quá khứ là was / were able to + V1, diễn tả sự cố gắng hoàn tất một hành động trong một tình huống đặc biệt.

Ex: The fire spread through the building quickly but we all were able to escape.

The player hurt in his leg, but he was able to play to the end.

Underline the correct or more natural answer. If both answers are possible, underline them both.

1. Valuables can / are able to be left in the hotel safe. Please ask at the reception desk.

2. We could / were able to finish the football match before it started snowing too heavy.

3. The rebels could / were able to draw on the support of over 20,000 soldiers.

4. Could you / Were you able to understand Professor Larsen's lecture? I found it really difficult.

5. 'Do you want a game?' 'Sorry, I can't / 'm not able to play chess.

6. Look at me, I can / 'm able to ride my bike without any help.

7. When the fire officers arrived they could / were able to put out the flames in a couple of minutes.

8. The air was so polluted in the city center, I could hardly / was hardly able to breathe.

9. I knew John had been smoking. I could / was able to smell the cigarettes when I came into the room.

10. Can you / Are you able to drive without your glasses?

11. No changes can / are able to be made to this rail ticket after purchase.

12. He could / was able to untie the ropes without the guards noticing.

13. She looked all over the house, but couldn't / wasn't able to find her keys anywhere.

14. I was very busy at work; but I could / was able to have a couple of days off last week.

15. She swam strongly and could / was able to cross the river easily, even.

though it was swollen by the heavy rain.

Fill in each blank with an appropriate preposition.

1. Yuri Gagarin lifted ______ into space aboard the Vostok 1 ________ 9.07 a.m. Moscow time ______ 12th April, 1961.

2. He was ______ orbit around the Earth ______ a speed of more than 17,000 miles per hour.

3. No one knew precisely what would happen ______ a human being ______ space.

4. How would the mind deal ______ the psychological tension?

5. How would the body react ______ the extreme changes in temperature?

6. We congratulate you ______ your successful flight.

7. The American people shared ______ the Soviet people their satisfaction for the safe flight.

8. After his death, his hometown was named ______ him.

9. China became the third country in the world to be able to independently carry ______ manned space flights.

10. China launched its first manned spacecraft ______ space ______ October, 2003.

TEST

Choose one word whose underlined part is pronounced differently.

1. A come B. love C. some D. dome

2. A. dread [fear] B. bead C. bread D. thread

Choose one word whose stress pattern is different.

3. A. computer B. museum C. important D. visitor

4. A. calculator B. intelligent C. impossible D. American

5. A. compare B. compose C. company D. consist

Choose the one best answer to complete each sentence.

6. Neil Amstrong was the first man to ________ foot on the moon.

A. try B. let C. put D. set

7. Scientists try to ________ a breakthrough in manufacturing new materials for space exploration.

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A. make B. achieve C. get D. A and B

8. Yuri Gagarin was the first human being ________ around the Earth.

A. to whirl B. to spin C. to orbit D. to run

9. Her name is Jane, ________?

A. is she B. is it C. isn‟t she D. isn‟t it

10. No one knows this answer, ________?

A. does he B. doesn‟t he C. do they D. don‟t they

11. He never tells a lie, ________?

A. does he B. doesn‟t he C. he does D. he doesn‟t

12. I have heard nothing from him since ________.

A. he had left B. he leaves C. he has left D. he left

13. Don‟t talk in class, ________?

A. will you B. do you C. won‟t you D. don‟t you

14. Everything is alright, ________?

A. is it B. isn‟t it C. are they D. aren‟t they

15. Let‟s go, ________?

A. do we B. don‟t we C. shall we D. shall not we

16. No one knew precisely what would happen to a human being in space.

A. exactly B. clearly C. carefully D. vividly

17. Neil Armstrong was the first man to walk on the moon ______ 20 July 1969.

A. in B. at C. on D. of

18. She is never satisfied ______ what she's got.

A. to B. with C. for D. in.

19. In 1961, Yuri Gagarin lifted ______ into space aboard the Vostok 1.

A. off B. up C. on D. Ø

20. After landing, the team members were greeted like ______ heroes.

A. conquer B. conquering (adj.) C. conqueror D. conquest

21. Neil Armstrong, an American ______, was the first man to step on the moon's surface.

A. scientist B. cosmonaut C. astrononaut D. astronomer

22. The 27-year-old Soviet cosmonaut became the first person to eat and drink in ______.

A. weight B. weighting C. weightless D. weightlessness

23. About 100 Russian satellites are ______ the earth.

A. flying B. orbitting C. traveling D. circuiting

24. Many people are demonstrating to express their ______ with the new land law.

A. satisfied B. satisfactory C. satisfaction D. dissatisfaction 25. The astronauts were able to send the information back to the earth.

A. spaceships B. space stations C. space man D. space shots

Rewrite the following sentences without changing their meaning 26. It is easy to do this exercise.

 To do _____________________________________________________________________________________

27. It was happy to win a prize.

 To win ____________________________________________________________________________________

28. It is impossible to grow rice in salty water.

 To grow __________________________________________________________________________________ . 29. It is impossible to plant flowers in poor soil.

 People can‟t possibly _________________________________________________________________________

30. It is difficult to learn German.

 To learn ___________________________________________________________________________________

31. It is nice to work in an air-conditioning room.

 To work ____________________________________________________________________________________

32. It was ashamed to copu friends‟paper.

 To copy ___________________________________________________________________________________

33. It will be nice to live in a palace.

 To live ____________________________________________________________________________________

34. It was hard to live without electricity.

 To live ___________________________________________________________________________________ . 35. It is kind to help the poor.

 To help ____________________________________________________________________________________

Read the passage and answer the questions that follow.

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Some day people will certainly try to build settlements on the moon. The best places for houses in a moon town will be a cave or a tunnel. Underground houses will not be squashed by meteorites that constantly fall on the moon from outer space. This will be important on the moon, since daytime is so hot that food could be cooked in the rocks, and the nights get bitterly cold.

Pioneer moon homes may be made of airtight plastic that can be blown up like a balloon inside the cave. The reason for this is that the moon has no air around it. The pioneers will have to take along from the earth the oxygen masks when they are away from home. But the balloon house itself will be filled with air. Perhaps the house will have beds, tables, and chairs, built into it. These can be inflated, too. So people will sleep, eat and work on air ! Moon-house building will be easy. The moon‟s gravity is less than the earth‟s. Everything weighs only one-sixth as much as it does on the earth.

(Squash: đè bẹp; airtight: not allowing air to enter or escape; inflated: filled with air, gas, etc.) 36. In a moon town, what is the best place for house ?

 ___________________________________________________________________________________________

37. Will the people on the moon wear oxygen masks when they leave their homes ?

 ___________________________________________________________________________________________

38. Why will the pioneers have to take along from the earth the oxygen they need for breathing ?

 ___________________________________________________________________________________________

39. If a stone weighs 18 tons on the earth, how much does it weigh on the moon ?

 ___________________________________________________________________________________________

40. According to the passage, can people build cities on the moon ?

 ___________________________________________________________________________________________

PART II : EXERCISES I. PRONUNCIATION:

Task1: Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the others.

1. A. energy B. only C. plenty D. hydropower

2. A. repeats B. coughs C. amuses D. attacks

3. A. works B. begins C. helps D. cuts

4. A. gravity B. aspiration C. biography D. possible

5. A. technical B. conquest C. psychology D. launched

Task2: Choose the word which has the stressed part pronounced differently from the others.

6. A. environment B. department C. dependent D. cosmonaut

7. A. holiday B. certainty C. industry D. adventure

8. A. increasing B. investigate C. satellite D. important

9. A. pilot B. resign C. provide D. appoint

10. A. physicist B. president C. inventor D. gardener II. VOCABULARY

In document PRONUNCIATION Task 1: Choose the word which has the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest (Page 113-116)