REVIEW OF TENSES : Simple Past, Present Perfect, Simple

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TỔ: Ngoại ngữ

TRƯỜNG THPT BÌNH CHÁNH

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REVIEW OF TENSES : Simple Past, Present Perfect, Simple

Future

How to pronounce “-ed”

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2. -ed phát âm là /t/ với các động từ có âm cuối là /k/, /f/, /p/, /s/, /∫/, /ʧ/

Eg: look- looked, laugh- laughed, jump- jumped miss- missed, establish- established,

watch-watched

1. -ed phát âm là /id/ với các động từ có âm cuối là /t/ , /d/ Eg: conduct - conducted, need - needed

3. -ed phát âm là /d/ với các động từ có âm cuối là /b/, /v/, /z/, /m/, /n/, /ŋ/, /l/, /r/, /g/, /ʒ/, /dʒ/, /ð/, các nguyên âm i,ay ... (trường hợp không thuộc 2 nhóm trên).

Eg: live- lived , name- named, change- changed

How to pronounce “-ed”

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/d/

còn lại

(/b/, /v/, /z/, /m/, /n/, /ŋ/, /l/, /r/, /g/, /ʒ/, /dʒ/, /ð/,

các nguyên âm i,ay ...)

How to pronounce “-ed”

/t/

/k/, /f/, /p/, /s/, /∫/, /ʧ/

/id/

/t/, /d/

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/t/

walked knocked

jumped helped missed

/d/

explained phoned

rained arrived involved

/id/

wanted arrested

started mended

decided

Pronunciation (p. 27)

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1. She walked to the window and looked outside.

2. The driver stopped his car at the crossing where a woman was knocked down.

3. Jane phoned for an ambulance and the police, but they arrived late.

4. The police arrested the thief yesterday.

5. He decided to give up smoking.

Practise reading these sentences.

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Usage:

* hành động xảy ra tại 1 thời điểm xác định ở quá khứ.

* hành động, thói quen ở quá khứ và đã chấm dứt ở hiện tại. (used to + V(inf) )

1. SIMPLE PAST TENSE

Form: * (be) : S + was/ were (not) * (Vo) : S + Ved / V2

* (Vo, not) : S + did + not + V(inf)

Recognition words:

* yesterday, last, ago, once, in the old days, once day, this morning, in + (year in past)

* When/As + S + was/ were + N, S + V(simple past)

* As + N + S + V(simple past)

* After V-ing, S + V(simple past) REVIEW :

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2. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

Form: S + has / have (not) + Ved / V3

Usage:

* hành động vừa mới xảy ra không xác định thời gian rõ ràng.

* hđ xảy ra trong quá khứ kéo dài đến hiện tại, tương lai.

Recognition words:

* several times = many times ; just, already, not … yet ; so far = up to now = up to the present = until now ; lately

= recently

* How long …?

* since + 1 điểm thời gian * for + 1 khoảng thời gian

* in/ for/ during the last/ past few (days, weeks …)

* It / This is the first / second / third … time … REVIEW :

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3. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Usage:

* dùng như hiện tại hoàn thành nhưng để nhấn mạnh tính liên tục của hành động.

* hành động có kết quả ở hiện tại.

Example:

1. He has been working for ten hours without rest.

2. He has been working for ten hours now.

3. I’m exhausted. I have been working for hours.

Form: S + has / have (not) + been + V-ing

REVIEW :

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4. SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

Form: S + will / shall (not) + V(inf)

NEAR FUTURE:

be going to + V(inf)

* dự định sẽ

* dự đoán tương lai có cơ sở hiện tại Ex : I’m going to fly to London

Ex : Look at those black clouds. It’s going to rain.

be + V-ing

* kế hoạch/ sắp xếp. Ex : I’m flying to London this Friday Recognition words:

* tomorrow, next (week / month…) ; someday ; again ; soon * in + time in future

Ex : I’ll call you tomorrow REVIEW :

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1. A: _______you______ The Titanic yet?

B: Yes I have. I_______ it last night. Why?

A: I ______________it next Friday.

2. A: Who _______all the soda?

B: Not me. I ____any soda at all since last week.

I ____water all week. It's much healthier.

3. A: Susan ____________a lot of books lately.

B: ____she _______Wildest Dreams?

A: Yes, she did. She ___________ that one about five years ago.

4. A: You __________________ for hours. When are we eating dinner?

B: I’ve just finished. I _______________ something special for you. It’s called

“ Ants on a tree”.

A: Gross!

B: Actually, I ___________ it for you many times before. It’s just meatballs with rice noodles.

Exercise 1 p.27:

Complete the following conversations with the correct form of the

verbs: see, drink, write, cook.

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1. A: _______you______ The Titanic yet?

B: Yes I have. I_______ it last night. Why?

A: I ______________ it next Friday.

2. A: Who _______all the soda?

B: Not me. I ______________any soda at all since last week.

I _______water all week. It's much healthier.

Exercise 1 p.27: Complete the following conversations

with the correct form of the verbs: see, drink, write, cook.

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3. A: Susan ____________a lot of books lately.

B: ____she _______Wildest Dreams?

A: Yes, she did. She ______ that one about five years ago.

4. A: You __________________ for hours. When are we eating dinner?

B: I’ve just finished. I __________ something special for you. It’s called “Ants on a tree”.

A: Gross!

B: Actually, I ___________ it for you many times before.

It’s just meatballs with rice noodles.

Exercise 1 p.27: Complete the following conversations with the correct form of the verbs: see, drink, write, cook.

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Exercise 2 p.28: Circle the letter (A, B, c or D) to complete the passage.

Rosemary Dare is a wildlife photographer.

She (1)____ in Uganda for many years. She (2)____ elephants for twenty years. She

(3)____ thousands of pictures since the 1980s. Last year, she (4)____ an

international prize for nature photography.

She (5)____ many prizes over the years.

Recently, Ms Dare (6)____ interested in rhinos. She (7)____ them for the last few months. I am sure we (8)____ some

interesting photos soon.

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Exercise 2 p.28: Circle the letter (A, B, c or D) to complete the passage.

1. A. lives B. will live C. has been living D. doesn’t live 2. A. has been photographing B. photographs

C. is photographing D. was photographing 3. A. is taking B. will take C. has taken D. takes 4. A. won B. is winning

C. has won D. has been winning

5. A. won B. is winning C. has won D. wins 6. A. has become B. becomes

C. will become D. become

7. A. tracks B. will track C. has been tracking D. tracking

8. A. will see B. saw

C. have been seeing D. have seen

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Exercise 2 p.28: Circle the letter (A, B, c or D) to complete the passage.

Rosemary Dare is a wildlife photographer. She (1) ______ in Uganda for many years. She (2)______

elephants for twenty years. She (3)______

thousands of pictures since the 1980s.

1. A. lives B. will live

C. has been living D. doesn’t live

2. A. has been photographing B. photographs C. is photographing D. was photographing 3. A. is taking B. will take

C. has taken D. takes

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Exercise 2 p.28: Circle the letter (A, B, c or D) to complete the passage.

Last year, she (4)______ an international prize for

nature photography. She (5)______ many prizes over the years. Recently, Ms Dare (6)______ interested in rhinos.

She (7)______ them for the last few months. I am sure we (8)______ some interesting photos soon.

4. A. won B. is winning

C. has won D. has been winning

5. A. won B. is winning C. has won D. wins

6. A. has become B. becomes C. will become D. become 7. A. tracks B. will track

C. has been tracking D. tracking

8. A. will see B. saw

C. have been seeing D. have seen

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Dear Mr. Jones,

I am writing this letter to complain about the noise from Apartment 3C. I (1.move)______ to Apartment 2C on November 1. Since I (2.move)_______ in, my upstairs

neighbours have played their stereo loudly every night. I (3. ask)__________ them to turn it down several times.

But they (4.not stop)______________ the noise yet. I am a student, and I (5.study)_______ every night. I

(6.fail)________ my final exams next month unless this noise stops. I would be grateful if you (7.can talk)

_________ to my neighbours and ask them to turn down their stereo after 10 p.m.

Sincerely, Jony

Exercise 3 p. 29: Complete the following letter with the correct form of the verbs in the brackets.

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Exercise 4 : (Homework) Which of the verbs is pronounce /t/, /d/, /id/ ?

Verb /t/ /d/ /id/

Liked Washed Conducted Sacrificed Involved Shared Fixed

Determined Arrested Appeared Rejected Agreed

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 - Review the lesson.

 - Review Exercise 1, 2, 3.

 - Do Exercise 4.

 - Prepare Reading (Unit 3).

HOMEWORK

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