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Đề Anh Trung học phổ thông quốc gia có đáp án mã 1 | Tiếng Anh, Đề thi THPT quốc gia - Ôn Luyện


Academic year: 2023

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Mark the option that best completes each of the following exchanges.

1: ~ A: "..." ~ B: "I'm going to see a band, Planet X. Want to come?"

A. Are you free this weekend? B. Which is your favourite band?

C. Why not coming over for some potluck? D. What are you going to do this weekend?

2: ~ A: Phu Quang’s staging a liveshow next Sunday. Will you come? ~ B: "..."

A. Great! Been looking forward to it a whole month.

B. No. He's gone away with another girl.

C. My taste is not for classical music.

D. Really? He is said to have divorced to Ngoc Anh, isn't he?

Mark the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

3: Getting a good job doesn't interest him.

A. He is good at getting a good job. B. He is only interested in getting a good job.

C. He isn't good at getting a good job. D. He isn't interested in getting a good job.

4: Dad didn't intend to change his job.

A. Dad had intention to change his job. B. Dad didn't have intention for change his job.

C. Dad didn't have any intend to change his job. D. Dad didn't have intention of changing his job.

5: It has been a long time since they met.

A. They haven't met for a long time. B. They didn't meet a long time ago.

C. They didn't meet for a long time. D. They haven't met since a long time.

Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from the rest in each group.

6:A. position B. resource C. preserve D. conserve

7:A. downpour B. honour C. vapour D. odour

Mark the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

8: Whatever difficult he may encounter, he’ll try his best to overcome.

A. difficult B. encounter C. his best D. overcome

9: The boy whom I told to on the phone last night is very interested in Physics.

A. whom B. told to C. on the phone D. very interested

10: Both a term paper and a final exam is often required for a college class.

A. for B. is C. and D. required

Mark the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

11: She thinks they look down on her because she didn't go to university.

A. look up to B. look on to C. look in on D. look up for 12: He was imprisoned because he revealed secrets to the enemies.

A. betrayed B. concealed C. disowned D. declared

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

13: They are now staying at a flat which is about...from the safe sandy beach.

A. five-minute walk B. five-minutes walk

C. walk for about five minutes D. five minutes walking 14: The hut was...into three connecting bedrooms; there was no corridor.

A. divided B. separated C. split D. cut up

15: The factory has a...to choose young, qualified people for the job.

A. privilege B. tendency C. trend D. preference

16: Peter is sometimes unsuccessful because he's not...of other people's opinions.

A. tolerate B. tolerable C. tolerance D. tolerant

17: This poem shows the wonderful...of the poet.

A. sensation B. sense C. sensitiveness D. sensibility

18: My father doesn’t like any kind of change. He’s very...in his ways.

A. fixed B. set C. determined D. established

19: His name was on the...of my tongue, but I just couldn't remember it.

A. tip B. edge C. end D. point


20: After Mary...her degree, she intends to work in her father’s company.

A. will finish B. finishes C. is finishing D. will have finished 21: When I came to his house, I didn't see him. He...

A. may be out B. might have been away C. must be absent D. can be away 22: My phone is out of order, which is a...

A. trouble B. harm C. error D. bother

23: Teenagers often have some physical changes during the ... from childhood to adult life.

A. obstacle B. way C. transition D. growth

24: There is always...traffic in the city centre in the rush hour.

A. strong B. big C. heavy D. full

25: The size and shape of a nail depends primarily on the function ... intended.

A. which it is B. for which it is C. which it is for D. for which is

Read the following passage and mark the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.

All of us have to work to ...(26)... a living ourselves and to help our family; however, we work not only for material life but also for many other things. We are working to prove our ability. We feel self-confident and proud because we are independent. ...(27)... who works is regarded as a useful member of society. We’re working; that means we’re ...(28)... to our country. Working helps us train our minds because we always try our best to do the job. The better we work, the more money we earn, and that ...(29)... us to work harder. Without working, a man’s life will be empty, purposeless and ...(30)... and it’s easy for a jobless person to do wrongs.

26:A. earn B. find C. seek D. search

27:A. No one B. Anything C. Everyone D. Anyone

28:A. contributing B. relating C. helping D. donating

29:A. encourages B. lets C. makes D. persuades

30:A. regardless B. useless C. senseless D. meaningless

Read the following passage and mark the the correct answer to each of the following questions.


There are more than 300,000 fast food restaurants in the US. Why is fast food so popular? Because it’s convenient, predictable, and fast. Fast food has become a part of the busy American lifestyle. But, nutrition experts point out, fast food is often high in calories, sodium, fat and cholesterol. This does not mean fast food is bad. But it does mean you should fit fast food into a balanced, healthy diet. On the average, to maintain desirable weight, men need about 2,700 calories per day and women need about 2,000 calories per day. It is not well understood why some people can eat much more than others and still maintain a desirable weight.

However, one thing is certain - to lose weight, you must take in fewer calories than you burn. This means that you must either choose foods with fewer calories, or you must increase your physical activity, preferably both.

Most Americans get more than 40 percent of their daily calories from fat. The American Heart Association recommends limiting fat to less than 50-80 grams per day. Fast food meals can be high in calories, fat, sodium, and cholesterol.

Lately, fast-food chains have noticed that consumers are more health-conscious, and as a result, many chains are adding healthier choices to their menus.

31: What are fast food meals high in?

A. Water, fat and calories. B. All are correct.

C. Fat and cholesterol D. Salt, fat and cholesterol.

32: If you want to lose weight, what should you do?

A. Take in fewer calories than you spend. B. It is not important what you eat, providing you eat less.

C. Eat food which contains less fat and consequently fewer calories.

D. Eat food which contains more fat and more calories.

33: Is it possible to eat well in a fast food restaurant?

A. Yes, but only if you choose low in fat and calories meals.

B. Yes, but you shouldn't eat in a fast food restaurant everyday.

C. Yes, if the menus have more choices. D. No, all fast food meals contain too much fat and


34: Some people eat much more than others, but still don't put on weight, Why?

A. They need more calories than others. B. They do not eat fast food meals.

C. We don't really know it. D. They burn more calories than others.

35: What does the word “This” refer to?

A. choosing foods with fewer calories B. losing weight

C. taking in fewer calories than you burn D. increasing your physical activity 36: Why is fast food so popular in the US?

A. Because it is good for your health and it is fast. B. Because American do not like cooking.

C. Because American people are very busy and fast food is ready to take.

D. Because American way of life is on fashion.

37: The word “maintain” is closest in meaning to...

A. keep safe B. keep form C. keep intact D. keep fit

38: What is the main theme of this passage?

A. how people should use fast food B. possible hazards of fast food to health C. why Americans get more fast food. D. when to use fast food for your health Read the following passage and mark the correct answer to each of the following questions.


Captain John Paul Stapp, already a medical doctor, began his scientific career in the 1940s studying the negative effects of high-altitude flight, issues absolutely critical to the future of aviation. How could men survive these conditions? The problem of the bends, the deadly formation of bubbles in the bloodstream, proved the toughest, but after 65 hours in the air, Stapp found an answer. If a pilot breathed pure oxygen for 30 minutes prior to take-off, symptoms could be avoided entirely. This was an enormous breakthrough. The sky now truly was the limit. The discovery pushed Stapp to the forefront of the Aero Med Lab and he abandoned his plans to become a pediatrician, instead deciding to dedicate his life to research. The Lab's mandate, to study medical and safety issues in aviation, was a perfect match for his talents. It was the premiere facility in the world for the new science of biomechanics.

Stapp was assigned the Lab's most important research project: human deceleration. This was the study of the human body's ability to withstand G forces, the force of gravity, when bailing out of an aircraft. In April 1947, Stapp travelled to Los Angeles to view the 'human decelerator', a rocket sled designed to run along a special track and then come to a halt with the aid of 45 sets of normal hydraulic brakes, which slowed it from 150 miles per hour to half of that speed in one fifth of a second. When it did, G forces would be produced equivalent to those experienced in an airplane crash. The sled was called the 'Gee Whiz'. Built out of welded tubes, it was designed to withstand 100 Gs of force, way beyond the 18 Gs that accepted theory of the time thought survivable. Early tests were conducted using a dummy, but Stapp soon insisted that conditions were right to use himself as a human guinea pig.

Exercising a modicum of caution on the first ride in December 1947, Stapp used only one rocket. The Gee Whiz barely reached 90 miles an hour, and the deceleration was only about 10 Gs. So Stapp began to increase the number of rockets, and by August 1948, he had completed 16 runs, surviving not just 18 Gs but a bone- jarring 35 Gs.

Battered though he was by the tests, Stapp was reluctant to allow anyone else to ride the Gee Whiz. He feared that if certain people, especially test pilots, were used, their hotheadedness might produce a disaster. Volunteers made some runs, but whenever a new approach was developed, Stapp was his own one and only choice as test subject. There was one obvious benefit: Stapp could write extremely accurate physiological and psychological reports concerning the effects of his experiments.

Yet while the Gee Whiz allowed Stapp to answer the existing deceleration questions, new ones emerged.

What could be done to help pilots ejecting from supersonic aircraft to survive? Stapp set out to find the answer on a new sled called Sonic Wind No. 1, which could travel at 750 miles per hour, and withstand an astonishing 150 Gs. In January 1954, Stapp embarked on a series of runs leading to his 29th and final ride, which took him to above the speed of sound, protected only by a helmet and visor. And when the sled stopped, in a mere 1.4 seconds, Stapp was subjected to more Gs than anyone had ever willingly endured. He wasn't just proving that people could survive a high-speed ejection, he was establishing the parameters of human survivability to G force: new biological boundaries were being set.


That successful run on 10 December 1954 provided Colonel Stapp with an opportunity he had longed for - to promote the cause of automobile safety. Stapp had long realised that his research was just as applicable to cars as it was to airplanes. At every opportunity, Stapp urged the car industry to examine his crash data, and to design their cars with safety in mind. He lobbied hard for the installation of seat belts and improvements such as collapsing steering wheels.

'I'm leading a crusade for the prevention of needless deaths,' he told Time magazine in 1955. Stapp's work in aeronautics and automobiles continued right up until his death in 1999 at age 89. He had received numerous awards and honours. But the best was the knowledge that his work had helped to save many lives, not just in aviation, but on highways around the world.

39: What does the writer mean when he says 'The sky now truly was the limit' (line 6)?

A. All previous restrictions on flight had been removed.

B. Stapp had set an unbeatable scientific record.

C. A new design was needed for high-altitude planes.

D. Pilots could now be trained to fly at greater altitude.

40: What assessment of Stapp's skills does the writer make in the first paragraph?

A. He was a better scientist than his contemporaries.

B. He was ideally suited to employment at Aero Med Lab.

C. He was able to solve scientific problems at great speed.

D. He was able to prove a theory set out by others.

41: Why did Stapp usually insist on doing test runs on Gee Whiz himself?

A. He thought it was unethical to recruit people for a dangerous task.

B. He felt his powers of observation were superior to those of other people.

C. He had little faith in the overall safety of the equipment.

D. He was aware that some people were psychologically unsuited to the tests.

42: What was the significance of the experiments on Sonic Wind No. 1?

A. They proved that most people would survive high speeds.

B. They gradually improved deceleration times.

C. They broke all previous speed records.

D. They set new limits to human potential.

43: What was surprising about the construction of Gee Whiz?

A. It was not built of conventional materials.

B. It was initially designed to function without a passenger.

C. It could tolerate exceptionally high G forces.

D. It incorporated a revolutionary new kind of brakes.

34: In this text, the writer implies that Stapp's main motivation was...

A. a desire to minimise loss of life. B. a spirit of adventure.

C. a wish to be remembered after his death. D. a quest for expertise.

Mark the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

45: Hurricane Katrina will go down in the record books as the costliest storm ever faced by insurers.

A. decrease B. be less violent C. be remembered D. be forgotten 46: We're still trying to iron out some problems with the computer system.

A. repair the iron case B. replace the hardware C. find solution to D. update with new softwares Choose the word whose syllable is stressed differently from the rest in each group.

47:A. perversity B. supervisor C. impudence D. edible

48:A. sulphuric B. applicant C. interview D. logical

Mark the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

49: Donald heard the bad news. He could not help weeping.

A. Donald could not allow himself to weep at the bad news, B. Donald could not stop himself from weeping at the bad news.

C. Donald could not help himself and so he wept.

D. Donald could not help himself because he was weeping.

50: He is always busy. He has little time to relax.


B. Because he is always busy, he has little time to relax.

C. Although he is always busy, he has little time to relax.

D. However busy he always is, he has little time to relax

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