• Không có kết quả nào được tìm thấy

Thư viện số Văn Lang: Dissecting the Criminal Corpse: Staging Post-Execution Punishment in Early Modern England

Nguyễn Gia Hào

Academic year: 2023

Chia sẻ "Thư viện số Văn Lang: Dissecting the Criminal Corpse: Staging Post-Execution Punishment in Early Modern England"


Loading.... (view fulltext now)

Văn bản

It was still possible to 'harm' the criminal at this stage of the criminal process and this painful subtext ignited. For this practical reason there had to be a great deal of discretionary justice in the hands of the penal surgeon. 11 A careless notch of the lancet was a known danger, causing cross-contamination in the anatomist's hands.

In the case of veins, it was advised to use a different colour, 'either rose-pink or powder-blue'. There was also the well-known problem of what he called 'the invisibility of the body after examination'. This includes 'removing the soft parts and cleaning the bones.

In terms of the control of access and emotional responses to the criminal corpse, by the 1790s there was a fundamental shift in the cultural significance of the kind of 'curiosity' associated with post-mortem 'damage'. Notoriety of the killer and the degree of violence involved in the killing stimulate active participation. So there was a point in the dissection itself when the reality of the dirty, rotting corpse became very distasteful.

However, his private notes record how he too was fascinated by "the body of an abuser".


As we saw in the previous chapter, Erasmus Darwin and his scientific circle in the Midlands stimulated much ambitious research into the workings of the brain. His devotion in prison [to Brother Michael] can be explained by the unique importance of the organ of worship. The issue of the theatrical features of the criminal dissection showcase therefore had to be carefully selected in situ.

This context explains why there was so little sympathy in the local press for the elaborate nature of the death penalty ceremonies at Cambridge, where he was tried and found guilty of murder. Weems was executed "a few minutes past noon" above the "passage of the county jail." Experiment 2 – A pair of vagus [a pair of vegas nerves] was exposed and one of the wires passed under it; the other was put in contact with.

However, the crowd's exclusion from the spectacle was the talk of town and did cause quite a stir. Ordinary people of 'every description' remained interested, curious but also repulsed by the dismemberment of the criminal corpse in Cambridge. Yet there was one final piece of the puzzle of human identity left.

It was also important to remain aware of the best places to learn to specialize in more original research. The body had been operated on; the top of the skull was cut off but replaced. 81 Norwich people employed in the gaming industry were generally unsentimental about the intrinsic nature of the dead in animal or human welfare.

Issues of age, gender, and the general condition of the body also affected the supply networks that developed between physicians. Meanwhile, 'Two Prominent Teeth in this City' led a battle for the teeth of the Four Jews'. 94 This rogues gallery makes a powerful statement about belonging and identity for those subject to the medical gaze of the murder law.

Across Europe, there was a resurgence of interest in the "cultural anatomy of the head" based on beliefs, mythologies and traditions. He sold collar heads to the Royal Navy and the East India Company, which wanted to buy an alternative to wax, which often softened in the hot climate of the Far East. Thus, the contents of the museum were sold on the fourth day, September 4.

Anatomy under the Act of Murder often resembled a macabre exhibition or public drama of the unsavory, as it had been for centuries.


Some of the work was perfunctory, some intriguing, some thought-provoking; each product was part of a mosaic of medical speculation and professional development. This puts into context why LRO, LIMB, March 23, 1822 states that: 'It was unanimously resolved that the practice of displaying the bodies of the unfortunate persons given to the infirmary for dissection appeared to us inappropriate and that such practice in will not take place in the future. exhibition is allowed'. Thomas Alcock (1827), An essay on the use of the chlorurets of sodium oxide and lime as potent disinfectants and of the chloruret of sodium oxide, more particularly as a remedy of considerable efficacy in the treatment of gangrene, phagedene, syphilitic, and ill-conditioned ulcers, mortifications and various other diseases dedicated to the Right Hon.

11 (No, where she argues that many of the characteristics of modern fame can be identified as beginning in the eighteenth century, when death became 'news' and capital punishment grabbed the headlines. Yet the physical obituary of a criminal dissection that took place before the crowd and its medical epitaph is rarely studied as an intrinsic aspect of eighteenth-century celebrity culture.On his career, see National Archives [hereafter TNA], BPP V, Report of the Commissioners on the State Lancaster Prison and the Treatment of Prisoners therein, p.

See the detailed letter on dissection to the Editor of the Medical and Physical Journal, Volume 18, p. Supplementary Notes II, The Faculties of the Sensorium” to accompany the poem (London: Thomas Bensley Publishers). Keands' execution, The Manchester Guardian, 26 August 1826, appended to which was a sketch of the murderers being apprehended outside an inn, which warned readers not to believe that it was a good likeness, but was drawn with many defects.

See, Anon, (1819), A full account of the most horrible murder committed by Thomas Weems or Weyms a miller, on the body of his wife by strangulation. Execution of Weems', Cambridge Chronicle and Journal, 13 August 1819 edition, contained a full account of the experimental stages. Members of the Okes medical family around Cambridge were also fascinated by original research into nerve and spinal disorders, branching out into work on spina bifi da in 1812.

One wrote that he was 'opposed to puncture or pressure' of the deformed spine based on what he had seen from bodies in fatal trauma, see 'Intelligence Spina Bifi da' in (1812) The New England Journal of Medicine and Surgery and Collateral Branches of Science by a Number of Doctors, Volume 1, (Boston: Wait & . Co), pp. A Newcastle barber-surgeon named Charles Edward Whitlock even ran a dental practice and a company of actors from the Hall to maximize business profits, see John Boyes (1957), 'Medicine and Dentistry in Newcastle Upon Tyne in the Eighteenth-Century', Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, Vol. NRO, NNH 29/2, Catalog of the Norfolk and Norwich Hospital Museum, where N indicates normal anatomy, P is a plaster cast.

Tài liệu tham khảo

Đề cương

Tài liệu liên quan

Conducting quality assessment and management according to international standards, link and exchange undergraduate and graduate education and training and scientific and