• Không có kết quả nào được tìm thấy

nutrients

N/A
N/A
Nguyễn Gia Hào

Academic year: 2023

Chia sẻ "nutrients"

Copied!
206
0
0

Loading.... (view fulltext now)

Văn bản

Regular exercise of moderate physical activity by older adults improves their anti-inflammatory status. Nutrients. Disparate habitual physical activity and dietary intake profiles of older men with low and elevated systemic inflammation. Nutrients.

Comparison of Pro-Regenerative Effects of

Carbohydrates and Protein Administrated by Shake and Non-Macro-Nutrient Matched Food Items on the

  • Introduction
  • Methods 1. Participants
  • Measurements
  • Results
  • Discussion

Skeletal muscle-specific creatine kinase activity (CKmm) and myoglobin concentrations (Myo) in the serum were determined using the COBAS h 232 Point-of-Care-System (Roche Diagnostic Systems, Rotkreuz, Switzerland) at t0 and t5 (+22 hours). Effects of exercise and protein/carbohydrates on bone strength as a functional marker of skeletal muscle regeneration.

Table 1. Compositions and calories of the standardized breakfast.
Table 1. Compositions and calories of the standardized breakfast.

Whole Body Protein Oxidation Unaffected after a Protein Restricted Diet in Healthy Young Males

Materials and Methods 1. Subjects

The urea:creatinine ratio was calculated to assess compliance with the isocaloric protein-restricted diet. The difference in the urea:creatinine ratio between the usual diet and the fourth day of the protein-restricted diet was investigated by paired Student's t test.

Results

The protein intake during the usual diet was 1.3 g protein/kg body weight/day ± 0.3 g; the prescribed four-day protein-restricted diet was 0.25 g protein/kg body weight/day. Subjects' results were ordered by the strongest relative decrease in protein oxidation from their usual diet to the protein-restricted diet, to the strongest relative increase.

Figure 1. Urea:creatinine ratio calculated from 24-h urine collections (n = 16). The symbol “*” denotes the statistically significant change from day 0 to day 4 with p < 0.001
Figure 1. Urea:creatinine ratio calculated from 24-h urine collections (n = 16). The symbol “*” denotes the statistically significant change from day 0 to day 4 with p < 0.001

Discussion

Subjects are ranked from left to right, based on the strongest relative reduction in protein oxidation from their usual diet to the protein-restricted diet, to the strongest relative increase. In conclusion, this study has shown that at the group level, total protein oxidation was not affected by a short-term reduction in protein intake in healthy subjects.

Health Status of Female and Male Vegetarian and Vegan Endurance Runners Compared to

Omnivores—Results from the NURMI Study (Step 2)

Materials and Methods

According to the findings of this study, running a half marathon seems to be a good way to cope with stress. However, about half of the participants (54% of omnivores, 49% of vegetarians and 61% of vegans) reported using routine health checks.

Table 1. Anthropometric and demographic characteristics of the subjects displayed by diet group.
Table 1. Anthropometric and demographic characteristics of the subjects displayed by diet group.

Conclusions

The results of this study do not constitute an endorsement of the product by the authors. The relationship between diet choice and distance running: Results of research understanding the nutrition of endurance runners (joggers) Study.Int.

Cardiometabolic Health in Relation to Lifestyle and Body Weight Changes 3–8 Years Earlier

Materials and Methods 1. Study Population

The study population includes all women who participated in the LIFEstyle follow-up study. Change in dietary intake, physical activity and weight during the first six months of the LIFEstyle study in the follow-up study population.

Figure 1. Flow-chart of the study participants. MVPA = Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity * N depends on missing data in the combined models including independent variables and covariates.
Figure 1. Flow-chart of the study participants. MVPA = Moderate to Vigorous Physical Activity * N depends on missing data in the combined models including independent variables and covariates.

Exercise and the Timing of Snack Choice: Healthy Snack Choice is Reduced in the Post-Exercise State

Materials and Methods 1. Study Design

In the second condition (“after”), participants were asked to choose a snack as soon as they returned from exercise and returned the accelerometer. Data from 31 participants (42 observations) were excluded because individuals participated in the study more than once. Twenty-four participants (20.2%) chose the brownie in the "after" condition, and 30 participants (25.2%) declined the option of a post-exercise snack.

However, as previously mentioned, it is well known that hunger levels alone do not explain differences in the food intake response after exercise [22].

Table 1. Characteristics of the study sample.
Table 1. Characteristics of the study sample.

The Effectiveness of Nutrition Education for

Overweight/Obese Mother with Stunted Children (NEO-MOM) in Reducing the Double Burden

This study did not compare the effect of the intervention group (the NEO-MOM group) with a true control group, but with a comparison group that received printed educational materials (the PRINT group) plus government subsidies on child stunting and maternal overweight/obesity (see Figure 1). . Table 1 summarizes the characteristics of the participants (children, mother and household) at baseline in the NEO-MOM and PRINT groups. There was no significant difference in the effect of study condition for any of the maternal outcome measures.

Results showed no significant effect of the intervention on the mother's nutrition literacy measures (Table 4).

Figure 1. Adapted CONSORT diagram of the Nutrition Education for Overweight/Obese Mother with Stunted Children (NEO-MOM) study.
Figure 1. Adapted CONSORT diagram of the Nutrition Education for Overweight/Obese Mother with Stunted Children (NEO-MOM) study.

Association of Sports Participation and Diet with Motor Competence in Austrian Middle

School Students

However, there is limited research on the combined association of dietary pattern and sport participation with motor competence. The positive association between participation in club sports and motor competence is consistent with previous research [43-45]. Other studies also reported inconsistent results on the association between club sports participation and dietary pattern [29,52,53].

Cross-sectional and longitudinal association between club sports participation, media consumption and motor competence in adolescents. scans.

Table 1. Anthropometric characteristics and motor competence for the total sample and separately for girls and boys
Table 1. Anthropometric characteristics and motor competence for the total sample and separately for girls and boys

Regular Practice of Moderate Physical Activity by Older Adults Ameliorates Their

Anti-Inflammatory Status

Materials and Methods 1. Subjects and Study Design

No gender effects were observed in any of the circulating proinflammatory proteins measured. In this study, we demonstrate that regular physical activity has beneficial effects on body composition and anti-inflammatory status in old people. Our current results (lower fat mass and higher IL10 expression in active subjects) are in line with previous data and reinforce the anti-inflammatory effect of regular physical activity in older people.

In conclusion, regular physical activity (> 84 MET hours/week) by older adults improves their anti-inflammatory status.

Table 1. Primers and conditions used in the PCRs.
Table 1. Primers and conditions used in the PCRs.

Childhood Experiences and Sporting Event Visitors’

Preference for Unhealthy versus Healthy Foods

Priming the Route to Obesity?

Study 1

The inductive coding revealed three categories (level a): individual experiences of the visit; external factors related to the visit; social factors related to the visit. This supports the assumption that enjoyment is central to participation in a sporting event in childhood. I wasn't a big hot dog fan, but I really enjoyed them there." Informant 26 highlighted that her food preferences are still the same today: "The hot dog was definitely the classic, made the whole experience, and I still love pretzels today." The foods mentioned in the stories were the following: burgers, chili, fries, hot dogs, nachos, pizza, and snacks (cotton candy, crackers, peanuts, and popcorn were explicitly mentioned).

To determine whether enjoyment generally predicts intentions to eat unhealthy foods (e.g., the types of foods mentioned in the memory stories) versus healthy foods, and whether the sporting event context provides a unique setting for spectators regarding the preference for unhealthy versus healthy food consumption, study 2 was conducted.

Study 2

In the current study, all childhood memories about the association between eating and attending sporting events related to unhealthy foods (Study 1). Read the short description of how you feel on the day of the competition. Read the short description of how you feel on the day of the concert.

Read a short description of how you feel on the day of the flea market.

Figure 1 displays the participants’ intention to indulge in unhealthy foods versus healthy foods depending on the experimental conditions.
Figure 1 displays the participants’ intention to indulge in unhealthy foods versus healthy foods depending on the experimental conditions.

Nutrient Intake and Physical Exercise Significantly Impact Physical Performance, Body Composition,

One animal in the WD+E group died during week two of the intervention, approximately 30 minutes after the training session. The complex low-glycemic carbohydrates in the DF have been reported to improve physical performance [33,34]. Overall, it is conceivable that the differences in the amount and form of dietary fat and carbohydrates may have contributed to the divergence in physical performance for the WD and DF rats.

While exercise improved physical performance in both exercise groups, chronic WD consumption appears to reduce the exercise-induced improvement.

Table 1. Dietary composition of the Western Diet and Daniel Fast.
Table 1. Dietary composition of the Western Diet and Daniel Fast.

Determinants of Behaviour Change in a

Multi-Component Telemonitoring Intervention for Community-Dwelling Older Adults

Materials and Methods 1. Design

Table 3 shows changes in self-monitoring and goal setting and shows the effects of the intervention on behavioral determinants. First, the effect of the intervention on compliance with fruit consumption guidelines was mediated by increased self-monitoring behavior at T1. In addition, self-monitoring mediated the effect of the intervention on overall diet quality assessment and adherence to guidelines for fruit and saturated fatty acid intake.

Knowledge mediated the effect of the intervention on adherence to protein intake guidelines.

Table 1. Items to measure self-monitoring, goalsetting, perceived behavioural control, and attitude in the PhysioDom HDIM study.
Table 1. Items to measure self-monitoring, goalsetting, perceived behavioural control, and attitude in the PhysioDom HDIM study.

Promoting Healthy Diet, Physical Activity, and

Life-Skills in High School Athletes: Results from the WAVE Ripples for Change Childhood Obesity

Prevention Two-Year Intervention

A validated food intake screener (Block Fat/Sugar/Fruit/Vegetable Screener (Block-FSFV)) was used to measure FV, saturated fat and added sugar intake in young people [15]. When comparing differences between groups during the two-year intervention, only the intake of added sugars was significantly lower in the intervention group (-10.4 g/day). This is the first study to report changes in intakes of FV, saturated fat and added sugars, and PA in HS football players over a two-year intervention aimed at teaching healthy eating, sports nutrition, lifelong PA, and life skills for sports performance, health, and prevention of obesity.

The intake of added sugar in our Hispanic soccer players was significantly higher (+14.1 g/day) than in non-Hispanic soccer players.

Figure S1. See Manore et al [6] for more details on baseline sports nutrition knowledge and Meng et al [14] for details on program process evaluation
Figure S1. See Manore et al [6] for more details on baseline sports nutrition knowledge and Meng et al [14] for details on program process evaluation

Disparate Habitual Physical Activity and Dietary Intake Profiles of Elderly Men with Low and Elevated

This age-associated, low-grade, chronic inflammatory status has been termed "infectious" [1] and is clinically assessed by measuring systemic concentrations of cytokines and acute-phase proteins, including interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis. factor-α (TNF-α), and C-reactive protein (CRP) [ 3 ]. The mechanism(s) by which PA reduces or prevents low-grade systemic inflammation in the elderly remains to be elucidated. Relationship between physical activity and inflammation among apparently healthy middle-aged and older US adults. Arch.

The associations of adiposity, physical activity, and inflammation with fatigue in older adults. Brain behavior.

Table 1. Participants’ characteristics.
Table 1. Participants’ characteristics.

Physical Activity and Nutrition: Two Promising Strategies for Telomere Maintenance?

Telomeres

Many types of human cells lack telomerase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing telomeres by adding nucleotides to the ends of chromosomes [18]. Critical loss of telomeric DNA or unprotected telomeres leads to insufficient protection of chromosome ends and activation of the DNA damage response [17]. Telomere damage can also occur independently of cell division, particularly in response to the accumulation of oxidative lesions, smoking or obesity [22].

The process of telomere attrition is not constant and differs between people [23,24], which can be explained by the effect of inflammation and oxidative stress on telomere shortening, which differs from one individual to another [9].

Telomere Regulation by Nutrition

Longitudinal studies may be more appropriate to determine the potential positive impact of diet on telomere health. Together, it is possible that nutrients regulate telomere health by regulating oxidative stress and systemic inflammation [50]. The positive effects of the Mediterranean diet on telomeres may be due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential [52,53].

Since high levels of oxidative stress [56] and inflammation [57] are known to increase the rate of telomere attrition, the Mediterranean diet may protect telomere maintenance by downregulating both processes.

Telomere Regulation by Physical Activity

In addition, telomerase is not active in all cell types, implying that other mechanisms contribute to the exercise-induced beneficial effects on telomere length and integrity in those cells. Mature muscle cells are an example of cells in which telomerase is not active and, despite the absence of telomerase activity, physical activity has been shown to positively influence telomere length in skeletal muscle [92]. Further research is needed to study the other possible mechanisms contributing to the exercise-induced beneficial effects on telomere length and integrity.

Coffee consumption is positively associated with longer leukocyte telomere length in the Nurses' Health Study.J.

Figure 2. Potential influence of physical activity and nutrition on telomere health.
Figure 2. Potential influence of physical activity and nutrition on telomere health.

Hình ảnh

Figure 6. Effects of protein/carbohydrate uptake via food and shake on leg strength measured by the 3-repetition maximum back squat
Figure 2. Protein oxidation kinetics after the habitual diet (black) and protein restricted diet (red) (n = 16).
Table 1. Anthropometric and demographic characteristics of the subjects displayed by diet group.
Table 3. Descriptive results and ANOVA of the ‘Health-Related Indicators’ cluster.
+7

Tài liệu tham khảo

Tài liệu liên quan

To help Ss know how to trasnform Yes/No questions in the direct speech into inderect speech.. -By the end of the lesson, Ss will be able to understand the teaching points and