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Thư viện số Văn Lang: Cultural Heritage in a Changing World

Nguyễn Gia Hào

Academic year: 2023

Chia sẻ "Thư viện số Văn Lang: Cultural Heritage in a Changing World"


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Finally, the Research section of the RICHES Resources website includes two more sophisticated tools developed in the project: the RICHES Taxonomy and the Interactive Showcase. With its list of definitions and explanations - and according to the Greek etymology of the word - the RICHES taxonomy sorts and organizes a wide variety of concepts into categories of terms. It will be constantly updated and improved with the help of the RICHES common interest network and other visitors to the RICHES website.

As a result of this analysis, a number of innovative services and best practices have been identified and published in the RICHES Interactive Showcase (Fig.4). The Policies section of the RICHES Resources website provides users with evidence-based reports, recommendations, and guidelines that summarize key research findings from the RICHES project. Users can find in this section a list of references to relevant EU policies on CH, as well as the list of policy papers produced by the RICHES project.

Finally, the Policies section of the RICHES Resource website contains a web page that presents the network activities performed by RICHES. A document repository is integrated into the RICHES Resources website to store all relevant documents that have been uploaded. The tags are keywords chosen from the list of terms included in the RICHES taxonomy.

The online magazine www.digitalmeetsculture.net is the official media partner of the RICHES project.

Fig. 2 Ultraorbism virtual performance
Fig. 2 Ultraorbism virtual performance

Assignment of Copyright

The analog data storage format is characterized by information transfer through the modulation of a continuous transmission signal. Within the Cultural Heritage sector, the conversion from analogue to digital is a practice that has become increasingly important in recent decades. The analog and digital formats offer several advantages for storing, displaying and improving access to Cultural Heritage objects.

Still, digital formats have their own advantages, mainly due to their ability to merge different media formats (e.g. video and still images), ease of transfer between compatible platforms, and easier storage of large amounts of data.

Augmented Reality





Citizen Science

Available at http://ec.europa.eu/digital-agenda/en/news/green-paper-citizen-sci ence-europe-towards-society-empowered-citizens-and-enhanced-research-0.

Civil Society


Collaborative Environments

Collective Licensing

Extended collective licensing is a form of collective licensing where the collecting society licenses third parties to use categories of works for specified uses in exchange for a payment to the copyright owner. They often represent all rights holders on a non-exclusive basis for a specific category of work even though only the majority of rights holders are members of the scheme. Non-members should be treated in the same way as scheme members.

The most developed schemes are found in the Nordic countries and cover television and radio broadcasting, on-demand services and mass digitization by libraries. The UK has recently consulted on draft regulations which would introduce an extended limited collective licensing scheme in the UK.


Communication to the Public

Community Cohesion


Copyright Term

Craft Skills

As transferable capacities in new contemporary contexts – for example in areas such as contemporary crafts, where craft skills can be applied within new aesthetic contexts or used with non-traditional materials and technologies. Replication/Revival – where craft skills are exercised in making traditional artifacts e.g. As hybrid functions that can contribute as part of production processes for specific sectors such as luxury car production and where they convey characteristics such as exclusivity, attention to detail, value and quality.

Creative Economy

Creative Industries

Innovation lies in the development of new products and services, but also of new ideas and approaches that can generate economic value.



Cultural Capital

Cultural Citizenship

This model is not only a means of increasing the attractiveness and accessibility of collections to end users, but is also an effective way to encourage appreciation of culture by active communities among the public. At the same time, museums and memory institutions' use of crowdsourcing opens up theoretical and ideological debates about the changing role of cultural institutions as guardians of knowledge and guardians of security. This definition is based on the claims of a particular cultural group, which is considered marginalized or disadvantaged based on a number of factors, including their culture, to all the rights that full citizenship provides.

Although such a definition has been useful in highlighting the rights of marginalized groups, it can be criticized as being too restrictive or instrumental, or as promoting too restrictive a view of culture. Furthermore, this definition of cultural citizenship privileges how a particular group defines its difference from the dominant culture. In another concept, cultural citizenship is defined as “cultural practices and beliefs that arise from the negotiation of often ambivalent and contested relations with the state and its hegemonic forms, which establish criteria of belonging within a national population or territory.

Cultural citizenship, therefore, is also about "self-making" - what an individual or community believes they are - and. Within this view of cultural citizenship, Cultural Heritage is central, determining which aspect of a person's or community's heritage is considered important or acceptable by both the community itself and the state to ensure all the rights of full citizenship. 1996) Cultural citizenship as subject-maker: immigrants negotiate racial and cultural boundaries in the United States [and comment and respond].

Cultural Heritage

Cultural Institutions

Cultural Tourism


Data Migration

Digital Age

Digital Art

Digital Copyright

Digital Divide

Digital Economy

Digital Exhibition

Digital Heritage (Digital Repository, Online Catalogue)

Digital Technologies


Disaster Centre

For information and communication technology, the term can be used to describe a virtual or physical space where actions can be taken to protect against irreversible data loss, equipment failure, or cyber attacks. This definition of a disaster center is appropriate for Cultural Heritage held in institutions where disaster and risk management policies and procedures can be effectively implemented to mitigate damage to both the tangible heritage itself and the digital information being preserved for inheritance.


Exceptions and Limitations to Copyright


European Society

GIS Mapping and GIS Applications

GIS technology allows the visualization of complex data sets in relation to their location on a map, making it a useful tool for many disciplines and for improving public access to information. It also enables researchers to understand complex datasets in relation to spatial location, as well as visualize their evolution over time.

Heritage Professionals



In the future of the cultural heritage sector, memory and heritage institutions will continue to be important to an ever-evolving society if they maintain an atmosphere that encourages new ideas and risk-taking. The digital age has brought the opportunity for heritage professionals and institutions to create, develop and use technology to enrich educational purposes, promote audience awareness and achieve business development goals. Keeping pace with technological progress and the development of social needs and interests requires innovative thinking and proactive behavior from cultural institutions.

Intellectual Property Rights




Knowledge Exchange

Licence of Copyright


Living Heritage

Living Media

Mainstream Cultural Heritage

Mediated/Unmediated Heritage


Moral Rights/Droit Moral

Motion Capture

Multi-Faceted (Multicultural) Heritage

Multimedia Channels

Open Access

Open Source

These include: free redistribution; access to source code; permit modifications and derivative works; without discrimination against persons, groups or areas of activity; the license must be general, not product specific, must not restrict other software, and must be technology neutral.

Orphan Works

Out-of-Commerce Works



Participatory Art

Performance-Based Cultural Heritage


Present-Centred Heritage


Public Domain

Public-Private-Partnership (PPP)




Self-Organising Communities

Social Cohesion

Social Media

Tangible and Intangible Cultural Heritage

Intangible cultural heritage" refers to "the practices, representations, expressions, knowledge, skills - as well as the instruments, objects, artefacts and cultural spaces associated with them - which societies, groups and in some cases individuals recognize as part of their cultural heritage « (UNESCO 2003 ). Tangible and intangible heritage require different approaches to conservation and safeguarding, which has been one of the main motivations behind the drafting and ratification of the 2003 UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. The Convention establishes the interdependence between intangible cultural heritage and tangible cultural and natural heritage and recognizes the role that intangible cultural heritage plays as a source of cultural diversity and a driving force for sustainable development.

Recognizing the value of people for the expression and transmission of intangible cultural heritage, UNESCO has led the recognition and promotion of living human treasures, "persons who have a very high degree of knowledge and skills necessary to implement or recreate specific elements of intangible cultural heritage". Inheritance'.

Territorial Cohesion

User-Generated Content


Video Processing


Virtual Performances

Hình ảnh

Fig. 2 Ultraorbism virtual performance
Fig. 4 RICHES interactive showcase
Fig. 5 Policy briefs section of the RICHES resources website
Fig. 7 RICHES showcase on digitalmeetsculture

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