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Thư viện số Văn Lang: Inter-group Relations and Migrant Integration in European Cities: Changing Neighbourhoods

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Nguyễn Gia Hào

Academic year: 2023

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Historically, Poble Sec shares with Sagrada Família the fact that it was also in the early nineteenth century. In the analysis carried out in recent years, we have taken into account both differences and common factors affecting Sagrada Família, Poble Sec and Barcelona as a whole. In the following sections, the Poble Sec and Sagrada Família neighborhoods will be approached as contexts of social interaction (Sec. 2), the most important intergroup representations that occur there will be analyzed (Sec.

In this sense, the influx of people from outside the neighborhood to the Sagrada Familia is huge and particularly noticeable in the area of ​​the Sagrada Família temple: many informants emphasize the influx of tourists and car traffic. Some basic services are not available in the neighborhood, especially in the case of Poble Sec: for example, there is no school for adults, and the health center and library are too small for the needs of the neighborhood. They were built in different periods, mainly from the urbanization of the neighborhood in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to the seventies and eighties of the last century.

Sagrada Família has many associations, but only a few neighbors participate in their activities: most of the residents take little part in the local social life. On the following pages, this official data will be compared with the perceptions of the interviewees.

Who, What, and Where?

Sagrada Família: Dense but Cold

For example:. there is a Pakistani child at school and the school has to talk to the parents. They are also recognized as working in tourist gift shops in the Sagrada Família Cathedral area. There is a Chinese Evangelical church, but it seems to have little interaction with the other organizations in the area.

Especially immigrants of Latin American origin (Peruvian, Cuban and Argentinian) are active in the organization. 8 Timeline of changes in the five most populous foreign nationalities (2010) as a percentage of the total population in the Sagrada Família neighbourhood. Source: GRM, based on the Continuous Census, Ajuntament de Barcelona). Chinese immigrants are seen as the least participatory, and Latin Americans are seen as the most actively involved in neighborhood life.

The perception of the increasing number of immigrant children in public schools is consistent with data on average household age by nationality. According to some neighbors, foreign immigrants have had a major impact on the area over the past decade. When considering Poble Sec's intergroup representations, the differences between the neighborhood's immigrant communities seem to be a relevant issue.

Dominicans, also seen by those interviewed as one of the most numerous nationalities in the area, rank fifth after Italians. The increase in the number of Pakistanis is particularly noteworthy, with a spectacular influx in the first half of the decade. 9 Timeline of changes in the five most populous foreign nationalities (2010) as a percentage of the total population in the Poble Sec. Source: GRM, based on data from the Continuous Census, Ajuntament de Barcelona).

I do participate in the shopkeepers' association of Poble Sec – Associació de Comerciants del Poble Sec – (...) the neighborhood has improved a lot. Another source of conflict that emerged in some of the interviews is the feeling that there is a lack of safety in the neighborhood. Some of those interviewed thought that the perception of a lack of safety and security in Poble Sec was related to the increase in the foreign population.

Sometimes, this geographical proximity can contribute to the spread of social alarm from Raval to Poble Sec. The analysis also showed that both newspapers pay more attention to conflict than cooperation when covering immigration. This is true in both neighborhoods, but especially in Poble Sec and especially in relation to conflicts related to poverty, degradation of public space, insecurity, dirt, cohabitation and reports of accidents and crimes.

It must be said that some of the articles with Poble Sec emphasized economic, social and cultural cooperation. In the Sagrada Família neighborhood, the interviewees mainly believe that the neighborhood's everyday life or its problems are not sufficiently covered by the media. According to the interviewees, the neighborhood only appears in the media when there are events or problems related to the Sagrada Família cathedral itself.

The only exception to this rule is the outrageous crimes that occur in the neighborhood from time to time. Several neighbors noted that the media does not mention immigrants' supposed involvement in conflictual issues related to the neighborhood because of "political correctness." On the other hand, in Poble Sec, most interviewees complained that the neighborhood usually appears in the mass media in connection with negative news, as for example in the months before the ethnographic fieldwork is evidenced by the very intensive coverage of a case involved a gang of thieves working in the underground network.

This monthly magazine is managed by the Coordinadora d’Entitats del Poble Sec (an umbrella organization that includes most of the associations based in Poble Sec) and has been in circulation for over 15 years. This newspaper is distributed free of charge at the neighborhood level in different places and opposes the role played by some mass media, which usually pay attention to the neighborhood only when there is sensational news that offers a negative image of Poble Sec and its foreign population. This newspaper is very popular among the residents of the neighborhood and some regular visitors, and almost all interviewees mentioned it when we asked them about media issues.

As a final reflection, we should note an apparent paradox that emerged from the media analysis.

Place and space do not only play a secondary role as an environment of interaction; Rather, the configuration of areas where encounters occur has a significant impact on neighborhood conflict and cooperation. These social policies could be inspired by what some planners deliberately do when they create or preserve "memorable and unique structures to make a place distinctly different […] to encourage residents' attachment to that place" (Mayhew. V na in the same way, when immigrants perceive that participation offers added value, it is particularly valued.

First, it can facilitate the process of settling the foreign-born population; secondly, it can contribute to the management and resolution of conflict situations; and, third, when it is impossible to find a quick solution to a neighborhood problem, the social network can function as a 'safety valve' institution that leads to 'a shift of intent to the actor' (Coser 1956. As Lewis Coser argues, in the latter cases, when the coordinated companion network acts as an institution of safety valves, it helps to release tensions: the social actor 'should no longer aim to achieve a solution to the unsatisfactory situation, but simply to release This network of social organization is particularly prominent in the Poble Sec neighborhood and, to a much lesser extent, in the Sagrada Familia neighborhood.

In the specific cases of the Chinese and Pakistani communities, both communities often perceived by the rest of the population as being quite "closed" outside the economic sphere, the ownership of many businesses in the neighborhoods has contributed to bringing them closer to some of their neighbors, albeit often in a superficial way. In conclusion, we must once again emphasize the importance of maintaining projects that strive to improve the social situation in both Barcelona neighborhoods in the future. We wonder what medium- and long-term effects the current economic policies will have on social cohesion, which are based on sharp cuts in public and private funding for community projects and organizations active in the field of integration.

Today, the impact of mass tourism is not only found in a few central neighborhoods, as it was in the past, but in a growing number of areas. During the summer of 2014, while the editing process of this book was underway, there were protests in several neighborhoods of Barcelona against allegedly 'uncivilized' foreign tourists (and other types of visitors, mainly from North-West Europe) who they lived in prof. -causing 'illegal' housing to mushroom across the city. The conflict emerged in the Barceloneta neighborhood, but later spread to other locations, including Poble Sec and Sagrada Família.

During the campaign for the municipal elections on 24 May 2015, these and other issues discussed in this chapter featured prominently in political debates.

Bibliography

Open Access This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 2.5 license ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/ ) which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original author(s) and source be credited. Images or other third-party material in this chapter are included in the work's Creative Commons license, unless otherwise indicated in the credit line; if such material is not included in the Creative Commons license of the work and the corresponding action is not permitted by legal regulations, users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to copy, adapt or reproduce the material. Los locutorios: an ethnographic approach to the use of communication technologies between the immigrant population of the Sagrada Família de Barcelona barrio.

La relació entre organitzacions socials, capital global, governs i immigració internacional a Espanya i Portugal. Una primera aproximació a la comunitat jueva del mercat dels Encants de Sant Antoni de Barcelona www.upf.edu/grimse/_pdf/Ojeda_3.pdf. Barcelona: Associació de Veïns de la Sagrada Família, Coordinadora d'Entitats de la Sagrada Família, Pla Comunitari de Barris de la Sagrada Família.

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